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  • Christopher Le

Does Being Blind in One Eye Qualify You for Social Security Disability?

Does Being Blind in One Eye Qualify You for Social Security Disability or SSI?


Living with a visual impairment can significantly impact a person's life, and in some cases, it may qualify individuals for social assistance programs like Social Security Disability (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI). In this blog post, we will explore whether being blind in one eye qualifies for these benefits and the criteria that must be met to receive them.


Understanding Social Security Disability (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

Before delving into the specific criteria for blindness in one eye, let's briefly review the two primary federal assistance programs administered by the Social Security Administration (SSA):

  1. Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI): SSDI is a program designed to provide financial assistance to individuals who have worked and paid Social Security taxes but can no longer work due to a disability. Eligibility is based on work credits, and the disability must be expected to last at least 12 months or result in death.

  2. Supplemental Security Income (SSI): SSI is a needs-based program available to individuals who have limited income and resources and are disabled, blind, or aged 65 or older. SSI benefits are not based on work history but are intended to help those with financial need.

Blindness and Social Security Benefits

Blindness, whether in one eye or both, is considered a disability by the SSA. To qualify for SSDI or SSI benefits based on blindness, you must meet specific criteria:

  1. Statutory Definition of Blindness: According to the SSA, you are considered legally blind if your central visual acuity is 20/200 or worse in your better eye with the use of a correcting lens, or if your visual field is 20 degrees or less in your better eye. This means that even if you have vision in one eye, if it meets these criteria, you may be eligible.

  2. Work Credits for SSDI: If you're applying for SSDI, you must have earned enough work credits based on your age and work history. The number of work credits required can vary depending on your age at the time of disability onset. Being blind in one eye alone does not automatically qualify you for SSDI.

  3. Income and Resource Limits for SSI: To qualify for SSI, you must meet strict income and resource limits. The SSA will consider your income from all sources, as well as your countable resources (e.g., bank accounts, property, etc.). Blind individuals, including those blind in one eye, may be eligible for SSI if they meet these financial criteria.

  4. Documentation and Medical Evidence: Regardless of the program you apply for, you will need to provide medical documentation and evidence of your blindness. This typically includes records from eye doctors, optometrists, or ophthalmologists, as well as other medical professionals who have evaluated your condition.


Being blind in one eye can qualify you for Social Security Disability (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits if you meet the specific criteria set by the Social Security Administration. It's essential to provide thorough medical documentation and adhere to the SSA's eligibility guidelines to increase your chances of approval.


If you are unsure about your eligibility or need assistance with the application process, consider consulting with an experienced attorney or disability advocate who can help you navigate the complex application process and ensure that you receive the support you need. Remember that the SSA periodically reviews disability cases to determine ongoing eligibility, so it's important to keep your medical records up to date and inform the SSA of any changes in your condition.

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